Have you ever wondered what it takes to reach the highest level of mastery? Are you a medical student looking for ways to achieve excellence in medical school or a physician wanting to become an expert in your field? If so, you’re in luck! Join us as we explore a fascinating conversation with Dr. Jeff Riddell, a leading expert in medical education as he talks about strategies to develop any skill, how medical school curriculum is adapting, the importance of context and relationships for comprehension, and so much more.
Mentioned in this episode: Scott Weingart and I are putting on the Flameproof: Shift KickAssery workshop on May 29, 2023, at the Cosmopolitan Hotel, Las Vegas. 9a-1p. Limited space (intentionally). This is a PreCon for Essentials of Emergency Medicine. Register Here.
Guest bio: Dr. Jeff Riddell is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. His research on digital technology in medical education has made him a sought-after teacher, speaker, and researcher. He has won numerous accolades and awards for his work in both teaching and research, including the 2019 CORD/EMF Emergency Medicine Education Research Grant and the 2019 Academy Scholar Award in the category of Education Research from the CORD Academy for Scholarship in Education in Emergency Medicine.
“You have to push beyond your comfort zone to develop expertise in any skill.”
“Set specific goals for what you want to accomplish and practice with purpose and feedback.”
- The strategies that can be adopted to develop expertise in any skill
- Recognizing the difficulty and pushing beyond the comfort zone
- Setting well defined goals of what you want to accomplish
- Practicing intently with purpose and high quality feedback from a coach
- The difference between practicing for fun and practicing intently with purpose and feedback
Mental Models of Expertise:
- What is a mental model of expertise
- The role of coaches and teachers in helping individuals develop their mental models
- Why having specific goals is important
- How to use mental models to improve skills and be more effective than just receiving lectures?
Evolving Medical Education:
- Change in medical education and USMLE Step 1 from graded to pass/fail system
- Science education vs clinical medicine
Learning Retention from Podcasts:
- How podcast listeners make credibility judgments in the context of medical education
- How listeners process and retain the information presented
- Different factors that contribute to establishing trustworthiness, such as the speaker’s credentials, popularity, and format of the podcast.
- How does context and relationship between the listener and the podcast host affect comprehension and adoption of information
Threaded Cognition – A Theory of Concurrent Multitasking
- The concept of “threaded cognition” can be represented as streams of thought being coordinated threads that can exist concurrently without interference if they require different cognitive resources within the brain.
- A new model of expert performance developed by studying surgeons in the operating room which suggests that experts slow down at certain points in complex or dangerous tasks to concentrate and reduce the risk of making mistakes.
Gender Bias in Medical Education
- There is evidence that women are rated differently and receive lower residency evaluation scores, particularly on procedures. These differences are believed to be caused by gender bias, whether implicit or explicit.
- A qualitative analysis of evaluations found that male and female faculty focused on different elements when evaluating residents.
- The prevalence of burnout among residents and the need to understand how they experience burnout.
- A qualitative study revealing that residents have a fatalistic view towards burnout and see it as an inevitable part of training
- Personal experiences of burnout, acknowledging that it led to a change in focus and environment.
- Residents are stuck in the same place/situation for several years and cannot pivot with the autonomy of an attending physician.
Dario D. Salvucci
Carol-Anne E Moulton
Slowing Down When You Should: A New Model of Expert Judgment https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17895673/
Connect with Dr. Jeff Riddell